On 26 February 1969, the Italian daily newspaper Corriere della Sera takes a detailed look at the complexity of the economic controversy between the European Economic Community (EEC) and the United States.
Dans ses Mémoires, Henry Kissinger, ancien secrétaire d'État américain, rappelle les difficiles relations commerciales entre les États-Unis et la Communauté économique européenne (CEE) au début des années soixante-dix.
On 18 January 1971, in its coverage of the visit by Phillip Trezise, US Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, to the European institutions in Brussels, German daily newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung looks again at the economic differences that separate the United States and the European Economic Community (EEC).
In November 1971, the monthly publication 30 jours d'Europe recalls the origin of the difficult relations between Europe and the United States and analyses the monetary and commercial grievences exchanged between the two parties.
In November 1971, New Zealand cartoonist Leslie Gibbard illustrates the difficult trade relations between the European Economic Community (EEC) and the United States. On the left, US President Richard Nixon is depicted as an Indian chief.
On 20 February 1973, addressing the American and Common Market Club in Brussels, Joseph A. Greenwald, Head of the United States Mission to the European Communities, outlines the nature and state of political and economic relations between the United States and the European Communities.
On 5 April 1973, William J. Casey, US Undersecretary of State for Economic Affairs, sets out before the US House of Representatives’ Foreign Affairs Committee the policy line to be followed by the United States vis-à-vis the European Community.
On 23 April 1973, addressing Associated Press’s Annual Dinner in New York, Henry Kissinger, National Security Affairs Adviser to US President Richard Nixon, summarises the development of Euro-American relations.
On 20 March 1974, Fritz Behrendt, a Dutch cartoonist originally from Berlin, takes an ironic look at the changing relations between Europe and the United States over the past 20 years. In 1954, the United States was the dominant force in relations with the countries of Europe, which listened attentively to the advice given by Uncle Sam, but the balance of power seems to have been reversed by 1974. The Europe of the Six has become larger; it has gradually unified, has a fast-developing common market and industrial sector, and is keen to affirm its independence from Uncle Sam. In the 1970s, many countries in the European Community (EC) challenge their interdependence with the United States in the economic, monetary, trade and energy fields.
In its coverage of the visit to Washington by Roy Jenkins, President of the European Commission, German daily newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung considers the development of economic and trade relations between the European Economic Community (EEC) and the United States.
In her weekly radio programme on RTL, the journalist Geneviève Tabouis discusses the Copenhagen European summit of 14 and 15 December 1973. On this occasion, she briefly examines relations between the United States and Europe.
On 18 November 1972, French weekly publication Perspectives économiques is concerned about the outcome of the forthcoming GATT trade negotiations and foresees a tough battle between American and European negotiators.
On 15 May 1973, during a European Communities’ Council of Ministers meeting, the French Foreign Minister, Michel Jobert, criticises a document submitted by the Commission on the general guidlines the Europe of the Nine should adopt with a view to future GATT trade negotiations.
On 8 September 1973, US President, Richard Nixon, makes a statement regarding the forthcoming opening of tariff negotiations, known as the Tokyo Round, and re-states the US position on the future organisation of world trade.
On 12 September 1973, in Tokyo, at the opening session of the GATT multilateral trade negotiations, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing , French Minister for Economic Affairs and Finance, gives his interpretation of the issues involved in the conference.
On 12 September 1973, during the opening session of the GATT multilateral trade negotiations in Tokyo, German Finance Minister, Hans Friderichs, delivers a speech on how to consolidate and improve international trade regulations.
On 12 September 1973, at the opening of the GATT trade negotiations in Tokyo, Christopher Soames, Vice-President of the European Commission, outlines the stance taken by the Nine on the organisation of international trade.
On 14 September 1973, following the GATT ministerial conference known as the Tokyo Round, an official declaration is issued, setting out the goals to be achieved during the next round of international trade negotiations.
On 18 June 1975, the European Parliament calls the Member States of the European Economic Community (EEC) engaged in the GATT multilateral trade negotiations to work in support of an equitable world trade organisation.
On 17 January 1978, French daily newspaper Le Monde describes the strong points of successive negotiations on international trade since the entry into force, in 1948, of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
In this interview, Edmund Wellenstein, European Commission Director-General for External Relations between 1973 and 1976, describes the position of the European Commission in the Tokyo Round negotiations for the liberalisation of world trade through the reduction of customs duties on the main industrial products.
On 17 January 1978, the French daily newspaper Le Monde outlines the main topics of discussion on the agenda for the final phase of the GATT negotiations, and analyses the decisions adopted concerning the reduction of customs tariffs.
On 15 August 1971, in an adress to the nation, US President, Richard Nixon, announces the implementation of his new economic policy and speaks in detail about the measures taken to increase prosperity in the United States.
On 16, 17 and 18 August 1971, the European Commission expresses its astonishment at the decision of American President, Richard Nixon, to suspend the convertibility of the dollar into gold and to introduce a 10% import surcharge.
On 17 August 1971, the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera expresses concern about the economic consequences, in Europe and throughout the world, of the United States' unilateral decision to suspend the dollar's convertibility into gold.
On 17 August 1971, the French newspaper Le Monde sets down the reasons for the announced suppression by the United States of the dollar’s convertibility to gold and points out the risk of a devaluation of the American currency.
'The currency standard'. In this cartoon published in the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung on 17 August 1971, the cartoonist, Murschetz, portrays the end of the dollar's convertibility into gold as a precursor to the dollar's freefall on the world's stock markets.
On 24 August 1971, at a meeting of the GATT Council in Geneva, the European Economic Community (EEC) condemns the protectionist measures taken by the US President, Richard Nixon, regarding international trade.
On 10 September 1971, a memorandum from the Commission to the Council of Ministers of the European Communities sets out the measures under consideration by Europe in response to the United States' decision to suspend the dollar's convertibility into gold.
On 25 September 1971, during a press conference at the Élysée Palace, French President, Georges Pompidou, analyses US monetary policy and calls for a reorganisation of the international monetary system.