In February 1952, Matyas Rakosi, Secretary-General of the Workers’ Party and President of the Council in Hungary, outlines the strategy pursued by the Communist forces so that they may seize power in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.
On 27 October 1957, André de Staercke, Permanent Representative of Belgium to the Council of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), drafts a confidential note on the political situation in Hungary.
On 27 October 1956, the Italian daily newspaper Il nuovo Corriere della Sera sets out the reasons for the popular uprising in Hungary and expresses concern at the political future of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.
On 30 October 1956, the Soviet Government defines the principles underpinning its policies of development and cooperation with the other Socialist States and justifies sending Soviet troops into Hungary to restore order.
On 1 November 1956, the French newspaper France Observateur prints an article which had been published by Pietro Nenni in the 26 October edition of the Italian newspaper Avanti and which was to create a sensation in Italy.
On 3 November 1956, Jean Paul-Boncour, French Ambassador to Budapest, sends the text of a verbal note, which was handed over by the Hungarian Foreign Minister on the night of 2 to 3 November, to Christian Pineau, French Foreign Minister.
On 4 November 1956, the US President, Dwight D. Eisenhower, sends a message to Nikolai Bulganin, President of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union, calling on the USSR to withdraw its troops from Budapest.
On 7 November 1956, Nikolai Bulganin, President of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union, sends a letter to the US President, Dwight D. Eisenhower, refuting the US allegations concerning Soviet policy in Hungary.
On 4 November 1956, the United Nations General Assembly deplores the Soviet military intervention in Hungary. The resolution, adopted by 50 votes, is rejected by Albania, Bulgaria, Byelorussia, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union and Ukraine.
On 5 November 1956, the Italian Communist daily newspaper L’Unità welcomes the intervention of Soviet military forces in Hungary and highlights the role played by the workers’ councils in crushing the revolt.
On 6 November 1956, the French newspaper La Croix considers the attitude of the Soviet press since the beginning of the Hungarian uprising. According to Pravda, the Russians were initially surprised by the scale of the revolution, which forced them to make a strategic withdrawal. They made good use of this rest period to prepare for the counter-attack and took advantage of the international situation to deal the final blow to the Hungarian uprising with impunity.
On 6 November 1956, the French daily newspaper Le Monde strongly condemns the intervention of Soviet military forces to control the Hungarian uprising and expresses concern at a possible revival of the Cold War between the East and West.
On his return from Budapest in November 1956, a journalist gives an account of the violence of the battles in the Hungarian capital which took place following an uprising by part of the population and the army against the Communist regime.
At the conference held in Rome from 25 to 28 March 1987 to mark the 30th anniversary of the signing of the Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom), Robert Rothschild, former Principal Private Secretary to Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian Foreign Minister, outlines the circumstances in which Spaak learned of the Soviet military intervention in Hungary in November 1956.
At times, demonstrations in Western Europe against Soviet intervention in Hungary turn violent. This is the case on 7 November 1956 in Paris when several thousand students ransack and set fire to the headquarters of the French Communist Party (PCF). The clashes leave one person dead and 70 injured. In Brussels, it is students from Louvain University who take to the streets.
On 15 November 1956, the Dutch daily newspaper Nieuwe Rotterdamse Courant analyses the repercussions of the Hungarian uprising on the political leaders and the general public in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.
On 16 November 1956, Maurice Dejean, French Ambassador to the USSR, sends to Christian Pineau, French Foreign Minster, a letter in which he describes the reactions in Moscow to the support shown by the French and Chinese Communist Parties on the day after the Soviet invasion of Hungary.
On 27 November 1956, in an interview with the West Berlin radio station RIAS (Radio in the American Sector), Theodor Oberländer, the West German Minister for Refugees, describes the measures introduced by his Government to accommodate the Hungarian refugees fleeing Soviet repression.
On 8 December 1956, the Provisional Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers’ Party outlines the background to the events of 23 October and lays down the future tasks incumbent upon the Party.
‘The only survivor speaks out … “Not today, thank you!”’ In December 1956, Opland, Dutch cartoonist, deplores the impotence of the international community in the face of Soviet intervention in Hungary.
From 1 to 4 January 1957, representatives of Communist and Workers’ Parties and of the Governments of Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania and the Soviet Union meet in Budapest to discuss international current affairs as well as the implications of the October 1956 Hungarian Uprising.