In 1946, Chiang Kai-shek, former Head of the Chinese Nationalist Government, addresses the Chinese people upon his return to Shanghai following the Japanese occupation. On Chiang’s right is Lieutenant-General A. C. Wedemeyer, Commander of the US forces in China, and on his left is his wife, Soong May-ling.
The leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party, Chiang Kai-shek (1886–1975), fought against Japanese control and then against the Communist Party led by Mao Tse-Tung. Defeated in 1949, he went into exile in Formosa.
The founder of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), Mao Tse-tung (1893–1976), was President of the People’s Republic of China from 1954 to 1959. He was behind the Great Leap Forward and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (1965–1968).
On 1 October 1949, on the occasion of the proclamation of the People’s Republic of China, the Soviet daily newspaper Pravda praises the Chinese people, led by Mao Tse-Tung, for their efforts in this successful revolution.
On 7 January 1950, the Italian daily newspaper Corriere della Sera comments on the recognition of Mao Tse-Tung’s Communist China by Great Britain and describes the position taken by the United States towards the Communist leader’s accession to power.