In 1946, Chiang Kai-shek, former Head of the Chinese Nationalist Government, addresses the Chinese people upon his return to Shanghai following the Japanese occupation. On Chiang’s right is Lieutenant-General A. C. Wedemeyer, Commander of the US forces in China, and on his left is his wife, Soong May-ling.
The leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party, Chiang Kai-shek (1886–1975), fought against Japanese control and then against the Communist Party led by Mao Tse-Tung. Defeated in 1949, he went into exile in Formosa.
On 1 October 1949, on the occasion of the proclamation of the People’s Republic of China, the Soviet daily newspaper Pravda praises the Chinese people, led by Mao Tse-Tung, for their efforts in this successful revolution.
On 7 January 1950, the Italian daily newspaper Corriere della Sera comments on the recognition of Mao Tse-Tung’s Communist China by Great Britain and describes the position taken by the United States towards the Communist leader’s accession to power.
The founder of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), Mao Tse-tung (1893–1976), was President of the People’s Republic of China from 1954 to 1959. He was behind the Great Leap Forward and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (1965–1968).