‘The white man, then what?' For the German cartoonist, Behrendt, the end of 1959 experiences a strong wave of decolonisation in Africa. Increasing numbers of Africans countries gain their independence and, in so doing, bring about an end of the absolute supremacy of European powers in the world.
On 13 January 1959, Baudouin I, King of the Belgians, makes a statement to the Chamber of Deputies in which he announces the Belgian State’s resolve to initiate a self-determination process in the Belgian Congo. In its news programme, RTL broadcasts an extract of this address before handing over to Maurice van Hemelrijck, Minister for the Congo and Ruanda-Urundi, who outlines the Belgian Government’s determination gradually to enable the Congolese people to take a decision on their political independence.
In this interview, Edmund Wellenstein, former Field Secretary in the United States for the World Student Service Fund, describes the attitude of the general public in the United States regarding the decolonisation of the Dutch East Indies after 1945.