The ‘Historical events in the European integration process’ collection presents and analyses the milestones that shaped the European integration process from 1945 to 2009.

Historical events

Introduction© CVCE 1945-1949.
The pioneering phase
Plans and initiatives to rebuild Europe after the Second World War.© EU
The formation of the community of Europe
Robert Schuman’s declaration on 9 May 1950: the context and background, the declaration itself and its application via the creation of the ECSC.© European Parliament
The European revival and the Rome Treaties
The context and implications of the negotiations that led to the signing of the EEC and Euratom Treaties in Rome on 25 March 1957.© European Parliament
Successes and crises
The establishment of the Common Market and the CAP in the early days of the EEC: successful ventures during a period of crisis.© EU
Completion, deepening and widening
The Hague Summit of December 1969 and its impact: efforts for revival hampered by economic and international crises.© European Parliament
Enlargement to the south and the Single European Act
The European dynamic in the 1980s: from the southern enlargement of the European Communities to the adoption of the Single European Act and the Schengen Agreement.© Fritz Behrendt
The European Union in a Europe in the throes of change
The reinvention of the European Communities in a changing geopolitical environment: monetary integration, the plans for eastward enlargement and treaty reforms. Signing of the Maastricht Treaty (7 February 1992).© EU
The unification of Europe
The unification of Europe at the turn of the 21st century: the single currency, the accession of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the adoption of the Treaty of Lisbon.© EU