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The Schengen Area

The Schengen Agreement (14 June 1985)

Signing of the Schengen Agreement (14 June 1985)

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On 14 June 1985, Robert Goebbels, Luxembourg Junior Minister for Foreign Affairs, signs the agreement on the gradual abolition of checks at the common borders between Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Luxembourg and the Netherlands, on board the cruise ship ‘Princesse Marie-Astrid', moored at Schengen, Luxembourg.

Signing of the Schengen Agreement (14 June 1985)

Vidéo

On 14 June 1985, on board the cruise ship ‘Princesse Marie-Astrid’, moored in Schengen (Luxembourg), Paul De Keersmaeker, Belgian State Secretary for European Affairs, Waldemar Schreckenberger, State Secretary to the German Chancellor, Catherine Lalumière, French State Secretary for European Affairs, Robert Goebbels, Luxembourg State Secretary for Foreign Affairs, and Willem Frederik van Eekelen, Netherlands State Secretary for Foreign Affairs, sign the Agreement on the gradual abolition of checks at their common borders.

Interview with Catherine Lalumière: the Schengen Agreement (Paris, 17 May 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Catherine Lalumière, former French Junior Minister for European Affairs, describes the issues and difficulties surrounding the implementation of the agreement signed in Schengen, Luxembourg, on 14 June 1985 by the representatives of Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Luxembourg and the Netherlands concerning the gradual abolition of checks at their common borders.

The Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement (19 June 1990)

The Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement (19 June 1990)

Texte

On 19 June 1990, on board the pleasure boat ‘Princesse Marie-Astrid’, moored in Schengen, Luxembourg, Paul De Keersmaeker, Belgian Junior Minister in the Foreign Ministry, Lutz Stavenhagen, Junior Minister to the German Federal Chancellor, Edith Cresson, French Minister for European Affairs, Georges Wohlfahrt, Luxembourg Junior Minister in the Foreign Ministry, Piet Dankert, Netherlands Junior Minister in the Foreign Ministry, and Aad Kosto, Netherlands Junior Minister in the Ministry of Justice, sign the Convention implementing the Agreement on the gradual abolition of checks at common borders signed in Schengen on 14 June 1985.

Address given by Piet Dankert on the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement (Schengen, 19 June 1990)

Texte

On 19 June 1990, at the ceremony held in Schengen to mark the signing of the Convention implementing the Agreement on the gradual abolition of checks at common borders signed in Schengen on 14 June 1985, Piet Dankert, Junior Minister in the Netherlands Foreign Ministry and Chairman of the meeting, delivers an address in which he welcomes this agreement on the abolition of the internal borders of the five signatory countries, despite the difficulties encountered during the negotiations.

Address given by Piet Dankert on the Schengen Convention (Schengen, 19 June 1990)

Vidéo

On 19 June 1990, at the ceremony held to mark the signing in Schengen of the Convention implementing the Agreement on the gradual abolition of checks at common borders, signed in Schengen on 14 June 1985, Piet Dankert, Netherlands State Secretary for Foreign Affairs and Chairman of the meeting, delivers an address in which he welcomes this Agreement, despite the difficulties it posed, on the abolition of controls at the internal borders between the five signatory countries.

‘The beginnings of a Europe without borders’ from Le Monde (20 June 1990)

Texte

On 20 June 1990, commenting on the signing, the previous day, by the representatives of Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Luxembourg and the Netherlands, of the Schengen Convention which lays down the conditions for the application of and the guarantees for the implementation of the free movement of persons, the French daily newspaper Le Monde considers the implications and constraints thereof for the signatory countries.

Cartoon by Plantu on the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement (June 1991)

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‘Good news: we don’t need you any more!’ In June 1991, the French cartoonist, Plantu, illustrates the consequences of the signing of the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement which lays down the terms for the application of the free movement of persons between Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Luxembourg and the Netherlands and seeks the gradual abolition of checks at the common borders of the signatory states.

The implementation of the Schengen Agreement

The implementation of the Schengen Agreement

‘Our fourth freedom' from La Libre Belgique (25 March 1995)

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On 25 March 1995, the conservative daily newspaper La Libre Belgique welcomes the entry into force, on the following day, of the Schengen Agreement which seeks to bring about the progressive elimination of border controls at common frontiers and also to establish the free movement of persons among the countries involved: Germany, France, Spain, Portugal and the Benelux countries.

Interview with Alain Lamassoure: the entry into force of the Schengen Agreements in 1995 (Paris, 9 September 2008)

Vidéo

In this interview, Alain Lamassoure, French Minister for European Affairs from 1993 to 1995, describes the negotiations that led to the entry into force of the Schengen Convention on 26 March 1995 in Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. This agreement provided for the gradual abolition of controls at the countries’ common borders and the introduction of a regime for the free movement of people.