The origins of the Rome Treaties (1955–1958)

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The origins of the Rome Treaties (1955–1958)

Video recollections: ‘Behind the scenes at the signing’

Vidéo

This video clip shows a number of eminent figures sharing their recollections of the ceremony, held on 25 March 1957 in Rome, to mark the signing of the Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom). Speaking, in order of appearance, are: Albert Breuer, former official at the Secretariat of the Special Council of Ministers of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), in particular responsible for the practical organisation of the signing ceremony, Pierre Pescatore, former member of the Drafting Group at the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, as well as Hubert Ehring and André Dubois, both former members of the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Conference.

Reference points

Personal accounts

Interview with Charles Rutten: Johan Willem Beyen and the revival of European integration (The Hague, 29 November 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Charles Rutten, former member of the Netherlands Delegation to the intergovernmental negotiations on the European Defence Community (EDC), the European Economic Community (EEC) and Euratom, recalls the work of Johan Willem Beyen, Netherlands Foreign Minister between 1952 and 1956, with particular regard to the revival of European integration, after the failure of EDC, with the establishment of a comprehensive common market.

Interview with Charles Rutten: the Messina Conference (The Hague, 29 November 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Charles Rutten, former member of the Netherlands Delegations to the negotiations on the Common Market and Euratom, recalls the implications and the results of the Messina Conference (held from 1 to 3 June 1955) attended by the Foreign Ministers of the six Member States of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) with a view to discussing terms for a revival of the process of European integration.

Interview with Hans-August Lücker: the attitude of the participants in the Val Duchesse negotiations (Bonn, 15 May 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Hans-August Lücker, former adviser to Walter Hallstein, Junior Foreign Minister of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), and rapporteur on the Treaties of Rome for the Bundestag in 1957, recalls the attitude of the participants in the Intergovernmental Conference negotiations on the Common Market and Euratom who, in Val Duchesse, drew up the Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).

Interview with Pierre Pescatore: the international context at the time of the Val Duchesse negotiations (Luxembourg, 10 September 2003)

Son

In this interview, Pierre Pescatore, former legal adviser to the Luxembourg Foreign Ministry and member of the Luxembourg Delegation to the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, describes the international context to the negotiations held at the Château de Val Duchesse, Brussels, between 1956 and 1957 which resulted in the adoption of the Rome Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).

Interview with Hubert Ehring: the influence of the international context on the Val Duchesse negotiations (Uccle, 25 October 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Hubert Ehring, former Director of the Legal Service of the Secretariat of the Special Council of Ministers of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and member of the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, describes the influence of the international context on the Val Duchesse negotiations that paved the way for the Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).

Interview with Pierre Pescatore: atmosphere and working method at the Château de Val Duchesse (Luxembourg, 10 September 2003)

Son

In this interview, Pierre Pescatore, former legal adviser to the Luxembourg Foreign Ministry and member of the Luxembourg Delegation to the 1956–57 Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom held at the Château de Val Duchesse, Brussels, describes the working atmosphere that prevailed in the ‘Drafting Committee' responsible for laying down the general provisions and determining the legal form of the Rome Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).

Interview with Hubert Ehring: the atmosphere at the Château de Val Duchesse (Uccle, 25 October 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Hubert Ehring, former Director of the Legal Service of the Secretariat of the Special Council of Ministers of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and member of the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, recalls the atmosphere and attitude of the members of the various national delegations during the Val Duchesse negotiations.

Interview with Pierre Pescatore: the organisation of the intergovernmental negotiations (Luxembourg, 10 September 2003)

Son

In this interview, Pierre Pescatore, former legal adviser to the Luxembourg Foreign Ministry and member of the Luxembourg Delegation to the 1956–57 Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, outlines the organisation of these negotiations held at the Château de Val Duchesse, Brussels, with a view to the drafting of the Rome Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).

Interview with Pierre Pescatore: the leading figures in the national delegations (Luxembourg, 10 September 2003)

Son

In this interview, Pierre Pescatore, former legal adviser to the Luxembourg Foreign Ministry and member of the Luxembourg Delegation to the 1956–57 Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, recalls the leading figures who participated in the negotiations held at the Château de Val Duchesse, Brussels, on the Rome Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).

Interview with Hubert Ehring: the role played by Paul-Henri Spaak during the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom (Uccle, 25 October 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Hubert Ehring, former Director of the Legal Service of the Special Council of Ministers of the Secretariat of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and member of the of the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, describes the role played by Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian Foreign Minister and President of the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, during the Val Duchesse negotiations.

Interview with Hans-August Lücker: the relationship between Paul-Henri Spaak and Walter Hallstein (Bonn, 15 May 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Hans-August Lücker, former adviser to Walter Hallstein and rapporteur on the Rome Treaties for the Bundestag in 1957, recalls the personality and working methods of Walter Hallstein, Junior Foreign Minister of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), and those of Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian Foreign Minister and President of the Intergovernmental Conference, held in Val Duchesse, on the Common Market and Euratom.

Interview with Hubert Ehring: the role played by the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom (Uccle, 25 October 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Hubert Ehring, former Director of the Legal Service of the Secretariat of the Special Council of Ministers of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and member of the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, discusses the Secretariat’s role and working methods during the Val Duchesse negotiations.

Interview with Pierre Pescatore: composition and working methods of the Legal Group (Luxembourg, 10 September 2003)

Son

In this interview, Pierre Pescatore, former legal adviser to the Luxembourg Foreign Ministry and member of the Legal Committee at the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom held at the Château de Val Duchesse, Brussels, describes the composition and working methods of the Legal Group, also known as the ‘Drafting Committee’, responsible for laying down the general provisions and determining the legal form of the Rome Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).

Personal accounts

Interview with Pierre Pescatore: relations between the three committees during the negotiations (Luxembourg, 10 September 2003)

Son

In this interview, Pierre Pescatore, former legal adviser to the Luxembourg Foreign Ministry and member of the Luxembourg Delegation to the 1956–57 Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, held at the Château de Val Duchesse, Brussels, recalls the nature of the relationship that developed during the negotiations between the members of the Common Market Committee, the Euratom Committee and the Drafting Committee.

Interview with Pierre Pescatore: the allocation of tasks within the Legal Group (Luxembourg, 10 September 2003)

Son

In this interview, Pierre Pescatore, former legal adviser to the Luxembourg Foreign Ministry and member of the Legal Committee at the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom held at the Château de Val Duchesse, Brussels, describes the allocation of tasks within this committee, also known as the ‘Drafting Committee’, responsible for laying down the general provisions and determining the legal form of the Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).

Interview with Pierre Pescatore: relations between the Legal Group and the Heads of Delegation (Luxembourg, 10 September 2003)

Son

In this interview, Pierre Pescatore, former legal adviser to the Luxembourg Foreign Ministry and member of the Legal Committee at the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom held at the Château de Val Duchesse, Brussels, recalls the nature of the relationship that developed during the negotiations between the members of the Legal Group, also known as the Drafting Committee, and the Committee of Heads of Delegation.

Interview with Charles Rutten: the association of the OCTs with the Common Market (The Hague, 29 November 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Charles Rutten, former Secretary of the Netherlands Delegation to the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, emphasises the positions of the Six in Val Duchesse on the possible association of the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) with the future European Economic Community (EEC).

Interview with Charles Rutten: the position of the Netherlands (The Hague, 29 November 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Charles Rutten, former Secretary of the Netherlands Delegation to the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, outlines the way in which the Netherlands defined its position in relation to the challenges posed by European integration, recalling, in particular, the nature of the relationship between the Prime Minister, Willem Drees, and his Foreign Ministers, Johan Willem Beyen and Joseph Luns.

Interview with Pierre Pescatore: the signing of the Rome Treaties (Luxembourg, 10 September 2003)

Son

In this interview, Pierre Pescatore, former legal adviser to the Luxembourg Foreign Ministry and member of the Drafting Committee at the 1956–57 Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, recalls the final legal and formal preparations for the ceremony to mark the signing by the Six, on 25 March 1957, in Rome, of the Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).

Interview with Hubert Ehring: the signing of the Rome Treaties (Uccle, 25ºOctober 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Hubert Ehring, former Director of the Legal Service of the Secretariat of the Special Council of Ministers of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and member of the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, discusses the formal signing by the Six, on 25 March 1957 in Rome, of the Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).

Interview with Charles Rutten: the signing of the Rome Treaties (The Hague, 29 November 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Charles Rutten, former Secretary of the Netherlands Delegation to the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, recalls the ceremony held to mark the signing, on 25 March 1957 in Rome, of the Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).