The origins of the Rome Treaties (1955–1958)

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The origins of the Rome Treaties (1955–1958)

Video recollections: ‘Behind the scenes at the signing’

Vidéo

This video clip shows a number of eminent figures sharing their recollections of the ceremony, held on 25 March 1957 in Rome, to mark the signing of the Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom). Speaking, in order of appearance, are: Albert Breuer, former official at the Secretariat of the Special Council of Ministers of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), in particular responsible for the practical organisation of the signing ceremony, Pierre Pescatore, former member of the Drafting Group at the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, as well as Hubert Ehring and André Dubois, both former members of the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Conference.

Reference points

Personal accounts

Interview with Charles Rutten: Johan Willem Beyen and the revival of European integration (The Hague, 29 November 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Charles Rutten, former member of the Netherlands Delegation to the intergovernmental negotiations on the European Defence Community (EDC), the European Economic Community (EEC) and Euratom, recalls the work of Johan Willem Beyen, Netherlands Foreign Minister between 1952 and 1956, with particular regard to the revival of European integration, after the failure of EDC, with the establishment of a comprehensive common market.

Interview with Charles Rutten: the Messina Conference (The Hague, 29 November 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Charles Rutten, former member of the Netherlands Delegations to the negotiations on the Common Market and Euratom, recalls the implications and the results of the Messina Conference (held from 1 to 3 June 1955) attended by the Foreign Ministers of the six Member States of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) with a view to discussing terms for a revival of the process of European integration.

Interview with Hans-August Lücker: the attitude of the participants in the Val Duchesse negotiations (Bonn, 15 May 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Hans-August Lücker, former adviser to Walter Hallstein, Junior Foreign Minister of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), and rapporteur on the Treaties of Rome for the Bundestag in 1957, recalls the attitude of the participants in the Intergovernmental Conference negotiations on the Common Market and Euratom who, in Val Duchesse, drew up the Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).

Interview with Hans-August Lücker: the relationship between Paul-Henri Spaak and Walter Hallstein (Bonn, 15 May 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Hans-August Lücker, former adviser to Walter Hallstein and rapporteur on the Rome Treaties for the Bundestag in 1957, recalls the personality and working methods of Walter Hallstein, Junior Foreign Minister of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), and those of Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian Foreign Minister and President of the Intergovernmental Conference, held in Val Duchesse, on the Common Market and Euratom.

Personal accounts

Interview with Charles Rutten: the association of the OCTs with the Common Market (The Hague, 29 November 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Charles Rutten, former Secretary of the Netherlands Delegation to the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, emphasises the positions of the Six in Val Duchesse on the possible association of the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) with the future European Economic Community (EEC).

Interview with Charles Rutten: the position of the Netherlands (The Hague, 29 November 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Charles Rutten, former Secretary of the Netherlands Delegation to the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, outlines the way in which the Netherlands defined its position in relation to the challenges posed by European integration, recalling, in particular, the nature of the relationship between the Prime Minister, Willem Drees, and his Foreign Ministers, Johan Willem Beyen and Joseph Luns.

Interview with Charles Rutten: the signing of the Rome Treaties (The Hague, 29 November 2006)

Vidéo

In this interview, Charles Rutten, former Secretary of the Netherlands Delegation to the Intergovernmental Conference on the Common Market and Euratom, recalls the ceremony held to mark the signing, on 25 March 1957 in Rome, of the Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).