On 15 May 1934, at the Vienna Paneuropean Congress, the Paneuropean Union — of which the Austro-Czech Count Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi has been the President since 1923 — adopts a detailed programme concerning its objectives and concerns.
In 1938, in the light of the rise of totalitarian regimes in Europe, the Austrian-Czech Count Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi, who founded the Paneuropean Movement in 1923, considers the implications of the Paneuropean Union and outlines the way in which the countries of the ‘Old Continent’ could be reunited in a single organisation.
In 1966, Count Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi, founder, in 1923 in Vienna, of the Paneuropean Union, recalls the circumstances surrounding the founding of the movement and its development up to the eve of the Second World War.
In this interview recorded in 1971, Count Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi, founder of the Paneuropean Union, considers the foundation of the movement in 1923 and refers specifically to the aims of its establishment, namely a common European policy as regards foreign affairs, defence and the economy. Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi also emphasises the influence of his father in the birth of the idea of a Paneuropean Movement.
The organisation of postwar Europe and the federalist conferences
On 13 August 1946, Oscar Pollak, Editor-in-Chief of the Austrian daily newspaper Arbeiter-Zeitung, recalls how, in 1941 in Vienna, against the backdrop of Fascist Europe, the hope was born of a European revolution which would create a Socialist Europe on the basis of a federation of free countries, despite the opposition of the Great Powers.
On 14 August 1946, Oscar Pollak, Editor-in-Chief of the Austrian daily newspaper Arbeiter-Zeitung, condemns the fact that the national resistance movements against the Hitler regime did not culminate in a European revolution and European unity and underlines the responsibility of the Great Powers that participated in the Teheran, Yalta and Potsdam Conferences which led to the division of the continent.
On 15 August 1946, Oscar Pollak, Editor-in-Chief of the Austrian daily newspaper Arbeiter-Zeitung, calls for the creation of a Socialist Europe and emphasises the need for the European continent to establish itself as a third force so that it may assume the role of mediator between East and West.
On 1 September 1946, Oscar Pollak, Editor-in-Chief of the Austrian daily newspaper Arbeiter-Zeitung, warns against the division of Europe as imposed by the victorious Great Powers and calls for European unification based on a Socialist model.
On 30 December 1947, the Austrian daily newspaper Wiener Zeitung comments on the address given the previous day by Eduard Ludwig, Member of the National Council of Austria, regarding the activities of the supranational bodies which are working to save the European continent from decline.
On 8 May 1948, in an article dated 26 April, the Austrian weekly newspaper Die österreichische Furche, considers the Hague Congress held from 7 to 10 May to constitute, after the Benelux and the Western Union, a third key element on the path towards a European Federation and emphasises the importance of this proposed union in the Netherlands.
In 1948, in an article published in the magazine Österreichische Monatshefte, Eduard Ludwig, Member of the Austrian National Council, outlines the scope of the resolutions adopted by the Congress of Europe, held in The Hague from 7 to 10 May 1948.
Austria’s central role in the European integration process
In 1945, Leopold Figl, Chancellor of the Austrian Republic and leader of the Austrian People’s Party (ÖVP), outlines his ideas on Austria’s position in post-war Europe and emphasises his country’s European credentials.
In December 1945, in an article published in the magazine Österreichische Monatshefte, Leopold Figl, Austrian Chancellor, gives his views on the quintessential nature of Austria and the Austrian people and lays particular emphasis on their European roots and on the country’s central role in Europe.
In 1948, Eduard Ludwig, Member of the National Council of Austria, assesses Austria’s place in Europe from the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire to proposals put forward for the establishment of a federalist Europe after the Second World War.
In April 1948, Alfred Missong, Editor-in-Chief of the magazine Österreichische Monatshefte, welcomes the plan for a Federal Constitution of the United States of Europe and emphasises the will of the Austrian people to take part in the establishment of a European federation.
On 3 September 1956, as the Annual Conference of the Parliamentary Council of the European Movement is being held in Vienna, the daily newspaper of the Austrian Chamber of Commerce, Österreichische Neue Tageszeitung, discusses the political implications of the European idea and emphasises Austria’s role in the European integration process.
On 5 September 1956, at the Annual Conference of the Parliamentary Council of the European Movement held in Vienna, Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi, founder of the Paneuropean Movement, considers Austria’s European role.
On 6 September 1956, as the annual conference of the Parliamentary Council of the European Movement opens in Vienna, the Austrian daily newspaper Wiener Zeitung emphasises Austria’s commitment to Europe.