On 10 May 1950, the German daily newspaper Hamburger Abendblatt welcomes Robert Schuman’s plan to pool the coal and steel industries in Western Europe and emphasises the political and economic advantages of the French proposal.
On 10 May 1950, the German daily newspaper Der Mittag sets out the economic and political issues surrounding the Schuman Plan and welcomes a historic initiative that lays the foundations for renewed cooperation between France and Germany.
On 11 May 1950, an internal note from the German Foreign Ministry comments on the favourable response to the Schuman Plan by the United States and outlines the reaction of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) to the statement by the French Foreign Minister.
‘There you go — now that we’ve got the right starting handle in the right place, it would be strange if neither of us managed to start this car!’ On the road to European unification, Konrad Adenauer and Robert Schuman try to restart the engine of European integration.
‘The peace pipe — Judicious dismantlement'. In the 11 and 17 May 1950 editions of the German daily newspaper Hamburger Abendblatt, German cartoonist Beuth illustrates the economic and political significance of the Schuman Plan and welcomes the establishment of closer relations between France and the Federal Republic of Germany.
On 13 May 1950, the Germany daily newspaper Freie Presse looks back at the stormy history of Franco-German relations and welcomes the Schuman Declaration of 9 May that paves the way for a new entente between the two countries.
‘Love and coal’. On 13 May 1950, German cartoonist Mirko Szewczuk illustrates the impact of the Schuman Declaration of 9 May, which paves the way to closer cooperation between France and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). From left to right: French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman (depicted as Marianne wearing a Phrygian cap) and German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer (as the German Michel) flirt together on a coal heap, while behind them the Kohlenklau continues his work. The Kohlenklau refers to a coal thief cartoon character created during the Second World War in Germany to urge people not to waste available energy resources. In the post-war context, the image of the coal thief is used to criticise the role played by French mining companies that mine coal in the Saar and send it to France.
On 16 May 1950, André François-Poncet, High Commissioner of the French Republic in Germany, sends a letter to Robert Schuman, French Foreign Minister, in which he analyses the initial reactions in West Germany to the Schuman Plan.
On 17 May 1950, André François-Poncet, French High Commissioner in the Federal Republic of Germany, sends a telegram to the French Foreign Office in which he gives an account of his meeting with the German Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer, the previous day.
On 22 and 23 May 1950, the liberal-leaning International Trade Union Conference issues a press release in Düsseldorf in which it welcomes the Schuman Plan and expresses its intention for workers’ unions to participate in the plan’s implementation.
On 23 May 1950, the German Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer, sends a letter to the French Foreign Minister, Robert Schuman, in which he expresses his gratitude for French support for the establishment of a European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC).
On 24 May 1950, Herbert Blankenhorn, a close diplomatic adviser to Konrad Adenauer, notes in his personal diary his impressions of the meeting held on the previous day in which the German Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer, and Jean Monnet discussed the Schuman Plan.
On 1 June 1950, the German magazine Die Gegenwart outlines the economic, political and social implications of the Schuman Plan for the Federal Republic of Germany and emphasises the importance of including Eastern Europe in the future coal and steel pool.
On 5 June 1950, the German Federation of Iron and Steel Industries drafts a detailed report on the economic consequences of the establishment of a European coal and steel pool and emphasises the revolutionary nature of the French proposal.
In einer Meinungsumfrage zum Schuman-Plan in Frankreich berichtet die deutsche Wochenzeitung Die Zeit am 8. Juni 1950 über die Reaktionen französischer Führungskräfte aus Politik und Wirtschaft auf diese Frage.
The Declaration made on 9 May 1950 by the French Foreign Minister, Robert Schuman, on the pooling of iron and steel production in Western Europe sparks off lively debates in the German Parliament in Bonn.